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Rules

* The Laws of Table Tennis

2.1 The Table

2.1.1 The upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, shall be rectangular, 2.74m wide, and shall lie in a horizontal plane 76cm above the floor.

2.1.2 The playing surface shall not include the vertical sides of the tabletop.

2.1.3 The playing surface may be of any material and shall yield a uniform bounce of about 23cm when a standard ball is dropped on to it from a height of 30cm.

2.1.4 The playing surface shall be unformally dark coloured and matt, but with a white side line, 2cm wide, along each 2.74m edge and a white end line, 2cm wide, along each 1.525m edge.

2.1.5 The playing surface shall be divided into 2 equal courts by a vertical net running parallel with the end lines, and shall be continuous over the whole area of each court.

2.1.6 For doubles, each court shall be divided into 2 equal half-courts by a white centre line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the side lines; the centre and shall be regarded as part of each right half-court.



2.2
The Net Assembly

2.2.1 The net assembly shall consist of the net, its suspension and the supporting posts, including the clamps attaching
them to the table.

2.2.2 The net shall be suspended by a cord attached at each end to an upright post 15.25cm high, the outside limits of the post being 15.25cm outside the side line.

2.2.3 The top of the net, along its whole length, shall be 15.25cm above the playing surface.

2.2.4 The bottom of the net along its whole length, shall be as close as possible to the playing surface and the ends ofr the net shall be as close as possible to the supporting posts.



2.3 The Ball

2.3.1 The ball shall be spherical, with a diameter of 40mm.

2.3.2 The ball shall weigh 2.7g.

2.3.3 The ball shall be made of celluloid or similar plastics material and shall be white or orange, and matt.



2.4 The Raket

2.4.1 The racket may be of any size, shape or weight but the blade shall be flat and rigid.

2.4.2 At least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood; an adhesive layer within the blade may be reinforced with fibrous material such as carbon fibre, glass fibre or compressed paper, but shall not be thicker than 7.5% of the total thickness or 0.35mm, whichever is the smaller.

2.4.3 A side of the blade used for striking the ball shall be covered with either ordinary pimpled rubber, with pimples outwards having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 2mm, or sandwich rubber, with pimples inwards ir outwards, having a total thickness including adhesive of not more than 4mm.

2.4.3.1 Ordinary pimpled rubber is a single layer of non-cellular rubber, natural or synthetic, with pimple evenly distributed over its surface at a density of not less than 10. per sq. cm and not more than 50.per sq. cm.

2.4.3.2 Sandwich rubber is a single layer of cellular rubber covered with a single outer layer of ordinary pimpled rubber, the thickness of the pimpled rubber not being more than 2mm.

2.4.4 The covering material shall extend up to but not beyond the limits of the blade, except that the part nearest the handle and tripped by the fingers may be left uncovered or covered with any material.

2.4.5 The blade, any layer within the blade and any layer of covering material or adhesive on a side used for striking the ball shall be continuous and of even thickness.

2.4.6 The surface of the covering material on a side of the blade, or of a side of the blade if it is left uncovered, shall be matt, bright red on one side and black on the other.

2.4.7 Sight deviations from continuity of surface or uniformity of colour due to accidental damage or wear may be allowed provided that they do not significantly change the characteristics of the surface.

2.4.8 At the start of a match and whenever he changer his racket during a match a player shall show his opponent and the umpire the racket he is about to use and shall allow them to examine it.



2.5 Definitions

2.5.1 A rally is the period during which the ball is in play.

2.5.2 The ball is in play from the last moment at which it is stationary on the palm of the free hand before being intentionally projected in service until the rally is decided as a let or a point.

2.5.3 A let a rally of which the result is not scored.

2.5.4 A point is a rally of which result is scored.

2.5.5 The racket hand is the hand carrying the racket.

2.5.6
The free hand is the hand not carrying the racket.

2.5.7
A player strikes the ball if he touches it in play whith his racket, held in the hand, or with his racket hand below the wrist.

2.5.8 A player obstructs the ball if he, or anything he wears or carries, touches it in play when it is above or travelling towards the playing surface and has not passed beyond his end line, not having touched his court since last being struck by his opponent.

2.5.9 The server is the player due to strike the ball first in a rally.

2.5.10 The receiver is the player due to strike the ball second in a rally.

2.5.11 The umpire is the person appointed to control a match.

2.5.12 The assistant umpire is the person appointed to assist the unpire with certain decisions.

2.5.13 Anything that a player wears or carries includes anything that he wearing or carrying, other than the ball, at the start of the rally.

2.5.14 The ball shall be regarded as passing over or around the net assembly if it passes anywhere other than between the net and the net and the net post or between the net and the playing surface.

2.5.15 The end line shall be regarded as extending indefinitely in both directions.



2.6 A Good Srevice

2.6.1 Service shall start with the ball resting freely on the open palm of the server's stationary free hand.

2.6.2 the server shall then project the ball near vertically upwards, without imparting spin, so that it rises at least 16cm after leaving the palm of the free hand and then falls without touching anything before being struck.

2.6.3 As the ball is faling the server shall strike it so that it touches first his court and then, after passing over or around the net assembly, touches directly the receiver's court; in doubles, the ball shall louch successively the right half court of server and receiver.

2.6.4 From the start of service until it is struck, the ball shall be above the level of the playing surface and behind the server's end line, and it shall not be hidden from the receiver by any part of the body or clothing of the server or his doubles partner.

2.6.5 It is the responsibility of the player to serve so that the umpire or the assistant umpire can see that he complies with the requirements for a good service.

2.6.5.1 If there is no Assistant Umpire, and the is doubtful of the legality of a service he may, on the first occasion in a match, warn the server without awarding a point.

2.6.5.2 If subsequently in the match a service by that player or his doubles partner is of dubious legality, for the same reason or for any other reason, the receiver shall score a point.

2.6.5.3 Whenever there is a clear failure to comply with the requirements for a good service, no warning shall be given and the receiver shall score a point.

2.6.6 Exceptionally, the umpire may relax the requirements for a good service where he is satisfied that compliance is prevented by physical disability.



2.7 A Good Return

2.7.1 The ball, having been served or returned, shall be struck so that it passes over or around the net assembly and lounches the opponent's court, either directly or after lounching the net assembly.



2.8 The Order Of Play

2.8.1 In singles, the server shall first mae a good sercvice, the receiver shall then make a good return and thereafter server and receiver alternately shall each make a good return.

2.8.2 In doubles, the server shall first make a good service, the receiver shall then make a good return, the partner of the server shall then make a good return, the partner of the receiver shall then make a good return and thereafter each player in turn in that sequence shall make a good return.



2.9 A Let

2.9.1 The rally shall be a let

2.9.1.1 if in service the ball, in passing over or around the net assembly, touches it, provided the service is otherwise good or the ball is obstructed by the receiver or his partner.

2.9.1.2 if the service is delivered when the receiving player or pair is not redy, provided that neither the receiver nor his partner attempts to strike the ball;

2.9.1.3 if failure to make a good service or a good return or otherwise to comply with the laws is due to a disturbance outside the control of the player;

2.9.1.4 if play is interrupted by the umpire or assistant umpire.

2.9.2 Play may be interrupted

2.9.2.1 to correct an error in the order of serving, receiving or ends.

2.9.2.2 to introduce the expedite system;

2.9.2.3 to warn or penalise a player,

2.9.2.4 because the conditions of play are disturbe in a way which could effect the outcome of the rally.



2.10 A Point

2.10.1 Unless the rally is a let, a player shall score a point

2.10.1.1 if his opponent fails to make a good service;

2.10.1.2 if his opponent fail to make a good return;

2.10.1.3 if, after he has made a good service or a good return, the ball touches anything other than the net assembly before being struck by his opponent;

2.10.1.4 if the ball passes beyond his end line without lounching his court, after being struck by his opponent.

2.10.1.5 if his opponent obstructs the ball,

2.10.1.6 if this opponent strikes the ball twice successively;

2.10.1.7 if his opponent strikes the ball with a side of the racket blade whose surface does not comply with the requirements of 2.4.3, 2.4.4 and 2.4.5;

2.10.1.8 if his opponent, or anything his opponent wears or carries, moves the playing surface;

2.10.1.9 if his opponent, or anything his opponent wears or carries, touches the net assembly;

2.10.1.10 if his opponent's free hand touches the playing surface;

2.10.1.11 if a doubles opponent strike the ball out of the sequence established by the first server and first receiver;

2.10.1.12 as provide under the expedite system (2.15.2)



2.11 A Game

2.11.1 A game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 11 points unless both players or pairs score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player or pair subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.



2.12 A Match

2.12.1 A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games



2.13 The Order Of Serving, Receiving And Ends

2.13.1 The right to choose the initial order of serving, receiving and ends shall be decided by lot and the winner may choose to serve or to receive first or to start at a particular end.

2.13.2 When one player or pair has chosen to serve or to receive first or to start at a particular end, the other player or pair shall have the other choice.

2.13.3
After each 2 points have been scored the receiving player or pair shall become the serving player or pair and so on until the end of the game, unless both players or pairs score 10 points or the expedite system is in operation when the sequences of serving and receiving shall be the same but each player shall serve for only 1 point in turn.

2.13.4 In each game of a doubles match, the pair having the right to serve first shall choose which of them will do so and in the first game of a match the receiving pair shall decide which of them will receive first, in subsequent games of the match, the first server having been chosen, the first receiver shall be the player who served to him in the preceding game.

2.13.5 In doubles, at each change of service the previous receiver shall become the server and the partner of the previous server shall become the receiver.

2.13.6 The player or pair sering first in a game shall receive first in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a doubles match the pair due to receive next shall change their order of receiving when first one pair scores 5 points.

2.13.7 The player or pair starting at one end in a game shall start at the other end in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a match the players or pairs shall change ends when first one player or pair scores 5 points.



2.14 Out Of Order Of Serving, Receiving Or Ends

2.14.1 If a player serves or receives out of turn, play shall be interrupted by the umpire as soon as the error is discovered and shall resume with those players serving and receiving who should be server and receiver respectively at the score that has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of the match and, in doubles, to the order of serving chosen by the pair having the right to serve first in the game during which the error is discovered.

2.14.2 If the players have not changed ends when they should have done so, play shall be interrupted by the umpire as soon as the error is dicovered and shall resume with the players at the ends at which they should be at the score that has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of the match.

2.14.3 In any circumstances, all points scored before the discovery of an error shall be reckoned.



2.15 The Expedite System

2.15.1 Except where both players or pairs have scored at least 9 points, the expedite system shall come into operation if a game is unfinished after 10 minute' play or at any earlier time at the request of both players or pairs.

2.15.1.1 If the ball is in play when the time limit is reached, play shall be interrupted by the umpire and shall resume with service by the player who served in the rally that was interrupted.

2.15.1.2 If the ball is not in play when the time limit is reached, play shall resume with service by the player who received in the immediately preceding rally.

2.15.2 Thereafter, each player shall serve for 1 point in turn until the end of the game and if the receiving player or pair makes 13 good returns the receiver shall score a point.

2.15.3 Once introduced, the expedite system shall remain in operation until the end of the match.



* Regulations For International Competitions

3.1 Scope Of Laws And Regulations

3..1.1 Types of Competition

3.1.1.1 An international competition is one that may include the players of more than one Association.

3.1.1.2 An international match is a match between teams representing Associations.

3.1.1.3 An open tournament is one that is open to the players of all Associations.

3.1.1.4 A restricted tournament is one that is restricted to specified specified groups of players other than age groups.

3.1.1.5 An invitation tournament is one that is restricted to specified players, individiually invited.



3.1.2 Applicability

3.1.2.1 Except as provided in 3.1.2.2, the Laws (Chapter 2) shall apply to World, Continental and Olympic title competitions, open tournaments and, unless otherwise agreed by the participating Associations, to international matches.

3.12.2 The Board of Directors shall have power authorise the organiser of an open tournament to adopt experimental law variations specified by the Executive Committee.

3.1.2.3 The Regulations for International competitions shall apply to

3.1.2.3.1 World and Olympic title competition, unless otherwise authorised by the Board of Directors and notified in advance to the participating Associations;

3.1.2.3.2 Continental title competitions, unless otherwise authorised by the apporopriate Continental Federation and notified in advance to the participating Associations;

3.1.2.3.3 Open Intentional Championship (3.7.1.2), unless otherwise authorised by theExecutive Committee and notified in advance to the participants in accordance with 3.1.2.4;

3.1.2.3.4 open tournaments, except as provided in 3.1.2.4.Where an open tournament does not comply with any of these regulations the nature and extent of variation shall be specified in the entry form, completion and submission of an entry from shall be regarded as signifying acceptance of the conditions of the competition, including such variations.

3.1.2.5 The Laws and Regulations are recommended for all international competitions but, provided that the Constitution is observed, international restricted and invitation tournaments and recognised intentional competitions organised by unaffiliated bodies may be held under rules laid down by the organising authority.

3.1.2.6 The Laws and the Regulations for International Competitions shall be presumed to apply unless variations have been agreed in advance or are made clear in the published rules of the competition.

3.1.2.7 Detailed explanations and interpretations of regulations, including equipment specifications, shall be published as Technical Leaflets authorised by the Board of Directors and in Handbooks for Match Officials and Tournament Referees.



3.2 Equpment And Playing Conditions

3.2.1 Approved and Authorised Equipment

3.2.1.1 The approval and authorisation of playing equipment shall be conducted on behalf of the Board of Directors by the Equipment Committee; approval or authorisation may be withdrawn by the Board of Directors at any time if its continuation is found be detrimental to the sport.

3.2.1.2 The entry form or prospectus for an open tournament shall specify the brands and colours of table, net assembly and ball to be used; the choice of equipment shall be as laid down by the Association in whose territory the competition is held, selected from brands and types currently approved by the ITTF.

3.2.1.3 The covering material on a side of the blade used for striking the ball shall be of a brand and type currently authorised by the ITTF and shall be attached to the blade so that the brand and the ITTF logo are clearly visible mear the egde of the striking surface.Lists of all approved and authorised equipment and materials are maintained by the ITTF Office and details are available on the ITTF web site.



3.2.2 Clothing

3.2.2.1 Playing clothing shall normally consist of a short0sleeved shirt and shorts or skirt, socks and playing shoes; other garments, such as part or all of a track suit, shall not be worn during play except with the permission of the referee.

3.2.2.2 The main colour of a shirt, skirt or shorts, other than seeves and collar of a shirt shall be clearly different from that of the ball in use.

3.2.2.3 Clothing may bear number or lettering on the back of the shirt to identify a player, his Association or, in club matches, his club, and advertisements in accordance with the provisions of 3.2.4.9; if the back of a shirt bears the player's name, this shall be situated just below the collar.

3.2.2.4 Any numbers required by organisers to identify a player shall have priority over advertisements on the centre part of the back of a shirt, such numbers shall be contained within a panel having an area not greater than 600cm2.

3.2.2.5 Any marketing or trimming on the front or side of a playing garment and any objects such as jewellery worn by a player shall not be so conspicuous or brightly reflecting as t o unsight an oppnent.

3.2.2.6 Clothing shall not carry designs or lettering which might cause offence or bring the game into disrepute.

3.2.2.7 Any question of the legality or acceptability of playing clothing shall be decided by the referee.

3.2.2.8 The players of a team taking part in a team match, and players of the same Association forming a doubles pair, shall be dressed uniformly, with the possible exception of socks and shoes.

3.2.2.9 Opposing players and pairs shall wear shirts that are of sufficiently different colours to enable them to be easily distinguished by spectators.

3.2.2.10 Where opposing players or teams have similar clothing and cannot agree which of them will change, the decision shall be made by lot.

3.2.2.11 Players competing in a World or Olympic title competition or Open International championship shall wear shirt and shorts or skirt of types authorised by their Association.



3.2.3 Playing Conditions

3.2.3.1 The playing space shall not be less than 14m long, 7m wide and 5m high.

3.2.3.2 The playing area shall be enclosed by surrounds about 75cm high, all of the same dark background colour, separating it from adjacent playing area and from spectators.

3.2.3.3 In World and Olympic title competitions the light intensity, measured at the height of the playing surface, shall be at least 1000 lux uniformly over the whole of the playing surface and at least 500 lux elsewhere in the playing area; in other competitions the intensity shall be at least 600 lux uniformly over the playing surface and at least 400 lux elsewhere in the playing area.

3.2.3.4 Where several tables are in use, the lighting level shall be the same for all of them, and the level of background lighting in the playing hall shall not be greater than the lowest level in the playing area.

3.2.3.5 The light source shall not be less than 5m above the floor.

3.2.3.6 The background shal be generally dark and shall not contain bright light sources or daylight through uncovered windows or other apertures.

3.2.3.7 The flooring shall not be light-coloured, brightly reflecting or slippery and its surface shall not be of brick, ceramics, concrete or stone; in World and Olympic title competitions the flooring shall be of wood or of a brand and type of rollable synthetic material authorised by the ITTF.



3.2.4 Advertisements

3.2.4.1 Inside the playing area, advertisements shall be displayed only on equipment or fittings that are normally present and there shall be no special additional displays.

3.2.4.2 Fluorescent or luminescent colours shall bot be used anywhere in the playing area.

3.2.4.3 Lettering or symbols on the inside of surrounds shall not include white or orange nor more than two colours and shall be contained within a height of 40cm, it is recommended that they be in a slightly darker or slightly lighter shade of the background colour.

3.2.4.4 Markings on flooring and on the ends and sides of the tabltop shall be in a slightly darker or slightly lighter shade of the background colour or black.

3.2.4.5 There may be up to 4 advertisements on the floor of the playing area, 1 at each end and 1at each side of the table, each contained within an area of 2.5m2; they shall not be less than 1m from the surrounds and those at the ends shall not be more than 2m from the surrounds.

3.2.4.6 There may be 1 temporary advertisement on each half of each side of the tabletop and 1 on each end, clearly separated from any permanent advertisements and each contained within a total length of 60cm; they shall not be for other table tennis equipment suppliers.

3.2.4.7 Advertisements on nets shall be in a slightly darker or slightly lighter shade of the background colour, shall not be within 3cm of the tape along the top edge and shall not obscure visibility through the mesh.

3.2.4.8 Advertisements on umpires' tables or other furniture inside the playing area shall be contained within a total area on any face of 750cm2.

3.2.4.9 Advertisements on players' clothing shall be limited to

3.2.4.9.1 the maker's normal trademark, symbol or name contained within a total area of 24cm2.

3.2.4.9.2 not more than 6 clearly separated advertisements, contained within a combined total area of 600 cm2, on the front, side or shoulder of a shirt, with not more than 4 advertisements on the front;

3.2.4.9.3 not more than 2 advertisements, contained within a total area of 400cm2, on the back of a shirt;

3.2.4.9.4 not more than 2 advertisements, contained within a combined total area of 80cm2, on shorts or skirt.

3.2.4.10 Advertisements on players' numbers shall be contained within a total area of 100cm2.

3.2.4.11 Advertisements on umpires' clothing shall be contained within a total area of 40cm2.

3.2..4.12 There shall be n o advertisements on players' clothing or umbers for tobacco goods, alcoholic drinks or harmful drugs.



3.3 Match Officials

3.3.1 Referee

3.3.1.1 For each competition as a whole a referee shall be appointed and his identity and location shall be made known to the participants and, where appropriate, to the team captains.

3.3.1.2 The referee shall be responsible for

3.3.1.2.1 the conduct of the draw;

3.3.1.2.2 the scheduling of the matches by time and table;

3.3.1.2.3 the appointment of match officials;

3.3.1.2.4 conducting a pre-tournament briefing for match officials;

3.3.1.2.5 checking the eligibility of players;

3.3.1.2.6 deciding whether play may be suspended in an emergency;

3.3.1.2.7 deciding whether players may leave the playing area during a match;

3.3.1.2.8 deciding whether statutory practice periods may be extended;

3.3.1.2.9 deciding whether players may wear track suits during a match;

3.3.1.2.10 deciding any question of interpretation of Laws or Regulations, including the acceptability of clothing, playing equipment and playing conditions;

3.3.1.2.11 deciding whether, and where, players may practise during an emergency suspension of play;

3.3.1.2.12 taking disciplinary action for misbehaviour or other breaches of regulations.

3.3.1.2.13 Where with agreement of the competition management committee, any of the duties of the referee are delegated to other persons, the specific responsibilites and locations of each of these persons shall be made known to the participants and, where appropriate, to the team captains.

3.3.1.2.14 The referee, or a responsible deputy appointed to exercise authority in his absence, shall be present at all times during play.

3.3.1.2.15 Where the referee is satisfied that it is necessary to do so he may replace a match official with another at any time, but he may not alter a decision already made by the replaced official on a question fact within his jurisdiction.

3.3.1.2.16 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the referee from the time at which they arrive at the playing venue until they leave it.



3.3.2 Umpire, Assistant Umpire and Stroke Counter

3.3.2.1 An umpire and an assistant umpire shall be appointed for each match.

3.3.2.2 The umpire shall sit or stand in line with the net and the assistant umpire shall sit directly facing him, at the other side of the table.

3.3.2.3. The umpire shall be responsible for

3.3.2.3.1 checking the acceptability of equipment and playing conditions and reporting any deficiency to the referee;

3.3.2.3.2 taking a ball at random as provided in 3.4.2.1.1-2;

3.3.2.3.3 conducting the draw for the choice of serving, receiving and ends;

3.3.2.3.4 deciding whether the requirements of the service law may be relaxed for a player with physical disability.

3.3.2.3.5 controlling the order of serving, receiving and ends and correcting any errors therein;

3.3.2.3.6 deciding each rally as a point or a let;

3.3.2.3.7 calling the score, in accordance with specified procedure;

3.3.2.3.8 introducing the expedite system at the appropriate time;

3.3.2.3.9 maintaining the continuity of play;

3.3.2.3.10 taking action for breaches of the advice or behaviour regulations.

3.3.2.4 The assistant umpire shall decide whether or not the ball in play touches the edge of the playing surface at the side of the table nearest to him.

3.3.2.5 Either the umpire or the assistant umpire may

3.3.2.5.1 decide that, a player's service action is illegal;

3.3.2.5.2 decide that, in an otherwise good service, the ball touches the net assembly while passing over or around it;

3.3.2.5.3 decide that a player obstructs the ball;

3.3.2.5.4 decide that the conditions of play are disturbed in a way that may affect the outcome of the rally;

3.3.2.5.5 time the duration of the practice period, of play and of intervals.

3.3.2.6 Either the assistant umpire or a separate official may act as stroke counter, to count the strokes of the receiving player or pair when the expedite system is in operation;

3.3.2.7 A decision made by assistant umpire or stroke counter in accordance with the provisions of 3.3.2.5-6 may not
be overruled by the umpire.

3.3.2.8 Players shall be under the jurisdiction of the umpire from the time at which they arrive at the playing area until they leave it.



3.3.3 Appeals

3.3.3.1 No agreement between players, in an individual event, or between team captains, in a team event, can after a
decision on a question of fact by the responsible match official, on a question of interpretation of Laws or Regulations by the responsible referee or on any other question of tournament or match conduct by the responsible management committee.

3.3.2 No appeal may be made to the referee against a decision on a question of fact by the responsible match official or to the management committee on a question of interpretation of Laws or Regulations by the referee.

3.3.3.3 An appeal may be made to the referee against a decision of a match official on a question of interpretation of Laws or Regulations, and the decision of the referee shall be final.

3.3.3.4 An appeal may be made to the competition management committee against a decision of the referee on a question of tournament or match conduct not covered by the Laws or Regulations, and the decision of the management committee shall be final.

3.3.3.5 In an individual event an appeal may be made only by a player participating in the match which the question has arisen; in a team event an appeal may be made only by the captain of a team participating in the match in which the question has arisen.

3.3.3.6 A question of interpretation of Laws or Regulations arising from the decision of a referee, or a question of tournament or match conduct arising from the decision of a competition management committee, may be submitted by the player or team captain eligible to make an appeal, through his parent Association, for consideration by the ITTF Rules Committee.

3.3.3.7 The Rules Committee shall give a ruling as a guide for future decisions, and this tuling may also be made the subject of a protest by an Association to the Board of Directors or a General Meeting, but a shall not affect the finality of any decision already made by the responsible referee or management committee.



3.4 Match Conduct


3.4.1 Score Indication

3.4.1.1 The umpire shall call the score as soon as the ball is out of play at the completion of a rally, or as soon as is
practicable thereafter.

3.4.1.1.1 In calling the score during a game the umpire shall call first the number of points scored by the player or pair due to serve in the next rally of the game and then the number of points scored by the opposing player or pair.

3.4.1.1.2 At the beginning of a game and when a change of server is due the umpire shall point to the next server, and may also follow th score call with the next server's name.

3.4.1.1.3 At the end of a game the umpire shall name the winning player or pair and shall then call the number of points scored by the winning player or pair followed by the number of points scored by the losing player or pair.

3.4.1.2 In addition to calling the score the umpire may use hand signals to indicate his decisions.

3.4.1.2.1 When a point has been scored, he may raised to shoulder level the hand nearer to the player of pair who won the point.

3.4.1.2.2 When for any Reason the rally is a let he may raise his hand above his head to show that the rally has ended

3.4.1.3 The score and under the expedite system , the number of stroke shall be called in English or in any other language to both acceptable to both or pairs and to the umpire

3.4.1.4 The score shall be displayed on mechanical or electrical indicators so that it is clearly visible to the players and the spectators.

3.4.1.5 When a player is formally warned for bad behaviour, a yellow marker shall be placed on or near the score indicator.



3.4.2 Equipment

3.4.2.1 Players shall not choose ball in the playing area.

3.4.2.1.1 Wherever possible players shall be given the opportunity to choose one or more balls before coming to the playing area and the math shall be played with one of these balls, taken at random by the umpire.

3.4.2.1.2 If a ball has not been chosen before players come to the playing area, the match shall be played with a ball taken at random by the umpire.

3.4.2.1.3 If a ball is damaged during a match, it shall be replaced by another of those chosen before the match or, if such a ball is not available, by one taken at random by the umpire from a box of those specified for the competition.

3.4.2.2 A racket shall not be replaced during an individual match unless it is accidentally damaged so badly that it cannot be used, if this happens the damaged racket shall be replaced immediately by another which the player has brought with him to the playing area or one which is handed to him in the playing area.

3.4.2.3 Unless otherwise authorised by the umpire, players shall leave their rackets on the table during intervals.



3.4.3 Practice

3.4.3.1 Players are entitled to practise on the match table for up to 2 minutes immediately before the start of a match but not during normal intervals; the specified practice period may be extended only with the permission of the referee.

3.4.3.2 During an emergency suspension of play the referee may allow players to practise on only table, including the match table.

3.4.3.3 Players shall be given given reasonable opportunity to check and to familiarise themselves with any equipment which they are to use, but this shall not automatically entitle them to more than a few practice rallies before resuming play after the replacement of a damaged ball or racket.



3.4.4 intervals

3.4.4.1 Play shall be continouc throughout a match except that any player is entitled to

3.4.4.4.1.1 an interval of up to 1 minute between successive of a match;

3.4.4.4.1.2 brief intervals for towelling after every 6 points from the star of each game and at the change of ends in the last possible game of match.

3.4.4.2 A player or pair may claim one time-out period of up to 1 minute during a match

3.4.4.2.1 In an individual event the request for a time-out may be made by the player or pair or by the designated adviser; in a team event it may be made by the player or pair or by team captain.

3.4.4.2.2 If a player or pair and an adviser or caption disagree whether a time-out is to be taken, the final decision shall be made by the player or pair in an individual event and by the capital in a team event.

3.4.4.2.3 The request for the time-out, which may be only when the ball is out of play, shall be indicated by making a “T” sign with the hands.

3.4.4.2.4 On receiving a valid request for a time-out the umpire shall suspend play and hold up a white card; he shall then place the card on the court of the player or pair making the request.

3.4.4.2.5 The white card shall be removed and play resumed as soon as the player or pair making the request is ready to continue or at the end of 1 minute, whichever is sooner.

3.4.4.2.6 If a valid request for a time-out is made simultaneously by or on behalf of both player or pair, play will resume when both players or pair are ready or at the end of 1 minute, whichever is sooner, and neither player or pair shall be entitled to another time-out during that individual match.

3.4.4.3 The referee may allow a suspension of play, of the shortest practical duration, and in no circumstances more than 10 minutes, if a player is temporarily incapacitated by an accident, provided that in the opinion of the referee the
suspension is not likely to be unduly disadvantageous to opposing player or pair.

3.4.4.4 A suspension shall not be allowed for a disability which was present or was reasonably to be expected at the beginning of the march, or where it is due to the normal stress of play; disability such as cramp or exhaustion, cause by the player's current state of fitness or by the manner in which play has proceeded, does not justify such an emergency suspension, which may be allowed only for incapacity resulting from an accident, such as injury caused by fall.

3.4.4.5 If anyone in the playing area is bleeding, play shall be suspended immediately and shall not resume until that person has received medical treatement and all traces of blood have been removed from the playing area.

3.4.4.6 Players shall remain in or near the playing area throughout an individual match, except with the permission of the referee; during intervals between game they shall remain within 3 metres of the playing area, under the supervision of the umpire.



3.5 Discipline

3.5.1 Advice

3.5.1.1 In a team event, a player or pair may receive advice from anyone.

3.5.1.2 In an individual event, a player or pair may receive advice only from one person, designated beforehand to the umpire, except that were the players of a doubles pair are from different Associations each may designate an adviser, if an unauthorised person gives advice the umpire shall hold up a red card and send him away from the playing area.

3.5.1.3 Players may receive advice only during the intervals between games or during other authorised suspension of play, and not between the end of practice and the start of a match, if any authorised person gives advice at other times the umpire shall hold up a yellow card to warn him that any further such offence will result in his dismissal from the playing area.

3.5.1.4 After a warning has been given, if in the same team match or the same match of an individual event anyone again gives advice illegally, the umpire shall hold up a red card and send him away from the playing area, whether or not he was the person warned.

3.5.1.5 In a team match the dismissed adviser shall not be allowed to return, except when required to play, until the team match has ended; in an individual event he shall not be allowed to return until the individual match has ended.

3.5.1.6 If the dismissed adviser refuses to leave, or return before the end of the match, the umpire shall suspend play and report to the referee.

3.5.1.7 These regulations shall apply only to advice on play and shall not prevent a player or captain, as appropriate, from making a legitimate appeal nor hinder a consultation with an interpreter or Association representative on the explanation of a juridical decision.



3.5.2 Misbehaviour

3.5.2.1 Players and coaches shall refrain from behaviour that may unfairly affect an opponent, offend spectators or bring the sport into disrepute, such as abousive language, deliberately breaking the ball or hitting it out of the playing area, kicking the table or surrounds and disrespect of match officials.

3.5.2.2 If at any time a player or coach commits a serious offence the umpire shall suspend play and report immediately ot the referee; for less serious offences the umpire may, on the first occasion, hold up yellow card and warn the offender that any further offence is liable to incur penalties.

3.5.2.3 Except as provided in 3.5.2.2 and 3.5.2.5, if a player who has been warned commits a second offence in the same individual match or team match, the umpire shall award 1 point to the offender's opponent and for a further offence he shall award 2 points, each time holding up a yellow and a red card together.

3.5.2.4 If a player against whom 3 penalty points have been awarded in the same individual match or team match continues to misbehave, the umpire shall suspend play and report immediately to the referee.

3.5.2.5 If a player changes his racket during an individual match when it has not been damaged, the umpire shall suspend play and report to referee.

3.5.2.6 A warning or penalty incurred by either player of a doubles pair shall apply to the pair, but not to the non-offending player in a subsequent individual match of the same team match; at the start of a doubles match the pair shall
be regarded as having incurred the higher of any warnings or penalties incurred by either player in the same team match.

3.5.2.7 Except as provided in 3.5.2.2, if a coach who has been warned commits a further offence in the same individual match or team match, the umpire shall hold up a red card and send him away from the playing area until the end of the team match or, in an individual event, of the individual match.

3.5.2.8 The referee shall have power to disqualify a play from a match, an event or a competition for seriously unfair or offensive behaviour, whether reported by the umpire or not; as he does so he shall hold up a red card.

3.5.2.9 If a player is disqualified from 2 matches of a team or individual event he shall automatically be disqualified from that team event or individual competition.

3.5.2.10 The referee may disqualify for the reminder of a competition anyone who has twice been sent away from the playing area during that competition.

3.5.2.11 Cases of very serious misbehaviour shall be reported to the offender's Association.



3.5.3 Gluing

3.5.3.1 Coverings may be attached to racket blades only by means of pressure-sensitive adhesive sheets or adhesives that do not contain a prohibited solvent; a list of prohibited solvents is available from the Secretariat.

3.5.3.2 Tests for prohibited solvents will be carried out at Word and Olympic title competition and major Pro-Tour tournaments and a player whose racket is found to contain such a solvent is liable to be disqualified from the competition and reported to his Association.

3.5.3.3 A properly ventilated area shall be provided for the attachment of racket coverings to rackets and liquid adhesives shall not be used anywhere else in the playing hall.



3.6 Draw For Knock-Out Competitions

3.6.1 Byes and Qualifiers

3.6.1.1 the number of places in the first round proper of a knockout event shall be a power of 2.

3.6.1.1.1 If there are fewer entries than places, the first round shall include enough byes to make up the required number.

3.6.1.1.2 If there are more entries than places, a qualifiying competition shall be held such that the number of qualifiers and the number of direct entries together make up the required number.

3.6.1.2 Byes shall be distributed as evenly as possible throughout the first round being placed first against seeded places, in seeding order.

3.6.1.3 Qualifiers shall be drawn as evenly as possible among the halves, quarters, eighths or sixteenths of the draw, as appropriate.



3.6.2 Seeding by Ranking

3.6.2.1 The highest ranked entries in an event shall be seeded so that they cannot meet before the closing rounds.

3.6.2.2 The number of entries to be seeded shall not exceed the number of entries in the 1st round proper of the event.

3.6.2.3 The entry ranked 1 shall be placed at the top of the first half of the draw and the entry ranked 2 at the bottom of the second half, but all other seeded entries shall be drawn among specified places in the draw, as follows;

3.6.2.3.1 the entries ranked 3 and 4 shall be drawn between the bottom of the first half of the draw and the top of the second half;

3.6.2.3.2 the entries ranked 5-8 shall be drawn among the bottom places of the odd- numbered quarters of the draw and the top places of the even-numbered quarters;

3.6.2.3.3 the entries ranked 9-16 shall be drawn among the bottom places of the odd- numbered eighths of the draw and the top places of the even-numbered eighths;

3.6.2.3.4 the entries ranked 17-32 shall be drawn among the bottom places of the odd- numbered sixteenths of the draw and the top places of the even-numbered sixteenths.

3.6.2.4 In a team knockout event only the highest ranked team from an Association shall be eligible for seeding by ranking.

3.6.2.5 Seeding by ranking shall follow the order of the latest ranking list published by the ITTF except that

3.6.2.5.1 where all the entries eligible for seeding are from Associations belonging to the same Continental Federation the latest list published by that federation shall take precedence;

3.6.2.5.2 where all the entries eligible for seeding are from the same Association the latest list published by that Association shall take precedence.



3.6.3 Seeding by Association Nomination

3.6.3.1 Nominated players and pairs orf the same Association shall, as far as possible, be separated so that they cannot meet before the closing rounds of an event.

3.6.3.2 Associations shall list their nominated players and pairs in descending order of playing strength, starting with any players included in the ranking list used for seeding, in the order of that list.

3.6.3.3 The entries ranked 1 and 2 shall be drawn into different halves and those ranked 3 and 4 into quarters other than those occupied by the first two;

3.6.3.4 the entries ranked 5-8 shall be drawn as evenly as possible into eighths other than those occupied by the first four.

3.6.3.5 the entries ranked 9-16 shall be drawn as evenly as possible into sixteenths other than those occupied by higher ranked players or pairs and so on, until all the entries have been allocated.

3.6.3.6 A men's or women's doubles pair consisting of players from different Associations shall be considered a pair of the Association of the player ranked higher in the World Ranking List, or, if neither player is in this list, in the appropriate Continental Ranking List, if neither player is induded in a World or Continental Ranking List, the pair shall be considered a member of the Association whose team is ranked higher in the appropriate World Team Ranking List.

3.6.3.7 A mixed doubles pair consisting of players from different Associations shall be considered a pair of the Association to which the man belongs.

3.6.3.8 In a qualifying competition, entries from the same Association, up to the number of qualifying groups, shall be drawn into separate groups in such a way that qualifiers are, as far as possible, separated in accordance with the principles of 3.6.3.3-5.

3.6.3.9 An Association may nominate a player under its jurisdiction to enter any individual events for which he is qualified, but a player who is eligible to represent another Association shall have the right to accept nomination by that Association.



3.6.4 Alteration

3.6.4.1 A completed draw may be altered only with the permission of the responsible management committee and, where appropriate, the agreement of the representatives of Associations directly concerned.

3.6.4.2 The draw may be altered only to correct errors and genuine misunderstandings in the notification and acceptance of entry, to correct serious imblance, as provided in 3.6.6

3.6.4.3 No alterations other than necessary deletion shall be made to the draw of an event after it has started, for the purpose of this regulation a qualifying competition may be regarded as a separate event.

3.6.4.4 A player shall bot be deleted from the draw without his permission, unless he is disqualified, such permission must be given either by the player if the is present or, if he is absent, by his authorised representative.

3.6.4.5 A doubles pair shall bot be shared if both players are present and fit to play, but injury, illness or absence of one player may be accepted as justification for an alternation.



3.6.5 Re-Draw

3.6.5.1 Except as provided in 3.6.4.5 and 3.6.5.2, a player shall not be moved from one place in the draw to another and if for any reason the draw becomes seriously unbalanced the event shall, wherever possible, be completely re-drawn.

3.6.5.2 Exceptionally, where the imbalance is due to the absence of several seeded players or pairs from the same section of the draw, the remaining seeded players or pair only may be re-numbered in ranking order and re-drawn to the extent possible among the seeded places, taking account as far as is practicable of the requirements for seeding by Association nomination.



3.6.6 Additions

3.6.6.1 Players not included in the original draw may be added later, at the discretion of the responsible management committee and with the agreement of the referee.

3.6.6.2 Any vacancies in seeded places shall first be filed, in ranking order, by drawing into them the strongest new players or pairs, any further players or pairs shall be drawn into vacancies due to absence or disqualification and then in to byes other than those against seeded players or pairs.

3.6.6.3 Any players or pairs who would have been seeded by ranking if they had been included in the original draw may be drawn only into vacancies in seeded places.



3.7 Organisation Of Competitions

3.7.1 Authority

3.7.1.1 Provided the Constitution is observed, any Association may organise or authorise open, restricted or invitation tournaments within its territory or may arrange international matches.

3.7.1.2 In any season, an Association may nominate one senior, one junior and one veterans' open tournament which it organises as its Senior, Junior or Veterans' Open International Championship; a player may compete in such championships only with the permission of his Association, but such permission shall not be unreasonably withheld.

3.7.1.3 A player may not take part in a restricted or invitation tournament without the permission of his Association,
unless general permission has been given by the ITTF or, where all the players concerned are from the same continent, by the appropriate Continental Federation.

3.7.1.4 A player may not take part in an international competition if he is suspended by his Association.

3.7.1.5 No event may use a World title without the permission of the ITTF, or a Continental title without the permission of the appropriate Continental Federation.

3..7.2 Representation